A brief biography of herodotus

Herodotus books

The narrative of the Histories starts with the accession of Croesus, the last king of Lydia, and gives an account of his reign, including his conquest of the Asiatic Greeks and his overthrow by the Persian King Cyrus. He sends a spy mission to Greece- Democedes escapes. There is no reason to disbelieve the Suda's information about his family: that it was influential and that he was the son of Lyxes and Dryo, and the brother of Theodorus, and that he was also related to Panyassis β€” an epic poet of the time. Heeren quoted Herodotus throughout his work and provided corroboration by scholars regarding several passages source of the Nile, location of Meroe, etc. The division of the work into nine books is not Herodotus's own but was carried out later by Alexandrian scholars. Because many Athenians died in the plague of , it is sometimes conjectured that he was also its victim as was Pericles , but this remains speculative. Accusations of bias[ edit ] Some "calumnious fictions" were written about Herodotus in a work titled On the Malice of Herodotus by Plutarch , a Chaeronean by birth, or it might have been a Pseudo-Plutarch , in this case "a great collector of slanders" , including the allegation that the historian was prejudiced against Thebes because the authorities there had denied him permission to set up a school. Herodotus wrote, in the Ionic dialect, a fascinating narrative in an attractively simple and easy-flowing style, and he had a remarkable gift for telling a story clearly and dramatically, often with a dry ironic sense of humor; the best of his stories have delighted, and will continue to delight, generations of readers. These events take up the first half of Book I. Herodotus Herodotus ca. About B. Linforth, Ivan M. He made excellent use of his opportunities, inquiring everywhere about the customs and traditions of the lands through which he passed and amassing a great store of information of all kinds.

He was the first great European historian, and the skill and honesty with which he built up his complex and generally reliable account and the great literary merit of his writing fully justify the title that has been bestowed on him: "Father of History.

Forsten, In the lifetime of Herodotus the writing of history, and indeed of prose of any sort, was still something of a novelty.

Herodotus contributions

There was very little in the way of official records available to him, and few written accounts. Each was named after one of the Muses. As a result, his reports about Greek events are often coloured by Athenian bias against rival states β€” Thebes and Corinth in particular. He certainly visited Egypt at least once, probably after B. The division of the work into nine books is not Herodotus's own but was carried out later by Alexandrian scholars. Huxley, The earliest writings in prose had been the work of a group of Greek intellectuals from the Ionian cities of Asia Minor who, from about B. The results of modern archeological investigations show that he was a remarkably accurate reporter of what he saw himself. Book V describes further Persian advances into Greece proper from the Hellespont and the submission of Thrace and Macedonia and many more Greek cities to Persian might, then the beginning of the revolt of the Greek cities of Ionia against Persia in , and so to the main subject of the whole work. He was the first great European historian, and the skill and honesty with which he built up his complex and generally reliable account and the great literary merit of his writing fully justify the title that has been bestowed on him: "Father of History. Herodotus's Sources In compiling the materials for his Histories Herodotus depended mainly on his own observations, the accounts of eyewitnesses on both sides, and, for earlier events, oral tradition. The date of his death is uncertain; the latest events he mentions in his writings took place in B. So it is possible that his family was involved in an uprising against Lygdamis, leading to a period of exile on Samos and followed by some personal hand in the tyrant's eventual fall. An analysis of the formal structure , The Hague, Mouton, He also suggests, in an account of his dealings with the priests at Thebes, that his own family was illustrious Book II ,1 ; the fact that he was literate also suggests a wealthy background.

The statue of Herodotus in his hometown of Halicarnassusmodern BodrumTurkey Herodotus wrote his Histories in the Ionian dialect, yet he was born in Halicarnassus, which was a Dorian settlement.

He sends a spy mission to Greece- Democedes escapes. Herodotus is able to bring a reader into the events of the stories he relates by creating vivid scenes with interesting characters and, sometimes, even dialogue.

A brief biography of herodotus

Brill, It has thus been determined that this account was based on hearsay, rather than a personal visit, even though Herodotus writes as though he visited the site himself. Wood, Henry, The histories of Herodotus. There was very little in the way of official records available to him, and few written accounts. Otanes slaughters citizens after Charilaus fights back. There was very little in the way of official records available to him, and few written accounts. Megabates warns the Naxians. More specialized is Henry R. Learn More. That itself is a good reason to doubt such a romantic account. It was the will of the gods that the house collapsed while a particular individual was within it, whereas it was the cause of man that the house had a weak structure and was prone to falling. The division of the work into nine books is not Herodotus's own but was carried out later by Alexandrian scholars. He sends a spy mission to Greece- Democedes escapes. One likely opinion is that Herodotus began with a plan for the history of the war and that later he decided on a description of the Persian Empire itself.

Persian Military discipline []. He lays this out in the proem: "This is the publication of the research of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, so that the actions of people shall not fade with time, so that the great and admirable achievements of both Greeks and barbarians shall not go unrenowned, and, among other things, to set forth the reasons why they waged war on each other.

Forsten, Fehling, Detlev.

herodotus biography pdf

About B. During his stay there he is said to have become a close friend of the poet Sophocles.

herodotus egypt

How and J. First there runs round it a deep and broad trench, full of water; then a wall fifty meters in thickness and hundred meters in height [

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